Monday, June 15, 2009

Do you know influenza A H1 N1 well?

Influenza A H1 N1 is a hightly contagious acute respiratory disease of pigs, caused by one of several Influenza A viruses. They are most commonly of the H1N1 subtype, but other subtypes are also circulating in pigs (e.g., H1N2, H3N1, H3N2). Although swine influenza viruses are normally species specific and only infect pigs, they do sometimes cross the species barrier to cause disease in humans. Human-to-human transmission has occurred in some instances but was limited to close contacts and closed groups of people.

The Symptoms of Influenza A H1N1

The Symptoms of Influenza A H1N1 in people are expected to be similar to the symptoms of regular human seasonal influenza and include fever, lethargy, lack of appetite and coughing...

some people with swine flu also have reported runny nose, rore throat, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

Preventive Measures

To protect yourself-practical general preventive measures for influenza :

- Avoid close contact with people who appear unwell and who have fever and cough.
- Wash your hands with soap and water frequently and thoroughly.
- Practice good health habits including adequate sleep, eating nutritious food, and keeping physically active.

Special Advice

If you feel unwell, have high fever, cough and/or sore throat

- Stay at home and keep away from work, school or crowds as much as possible
- Rest and take plenty of fluids
- Cover your mouth and nose with disposable tissues when coughing and sneezing and dispose of the used tissues properly
- Wash your hands with soap and water or hand gel frequently and thoroughly, especially after coughing or sneezing.
- Inform family and friends about your illness and seek help for household chores that require contact with other people such as shopping.

If you need medical attention

- Contact your doctor or healthcare provider before travelling to see them and report your symptoms. Explain why you think you have Influenza A H1N1 (for example, if you have recently travelled to a country where there is a Influenza A H1N1 outbreak in humans). Follow the advice given to you for care.
- If it is not possible to contact your healthcare provider in advance, communicate your suspicion of having Influenza A H1N1 immediately upon arrival at the healthcare facility.
- Take care to cover your nose and mouth during travel.

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For more information Please visit

http://www.cdc.gov : World Health Organization
http://www.cdc.gov/flu/swine/ : Center For Disease Control and Prevention Department of Health and Human Services

Reference

- World Health Organization : Swine influenza frequently asked questions, 27 April 2009
- Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention : Key facts About Swine Influenza (Swine Flu)

บล็อกโดย: พชร ตั้งสกุลนาราธร [บอย] (อ่านว่า พะ-ชะ-ระ)

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